Ankle Arthritis

Ankle arthritis is a clinical condition in which the joint that connects the foot to the leg, known as the tibiotalar or ankle joint, has damaged or worn out cartilage. There are three bones involved in this joint: the tibia, the fibula and the talus. The arthritis can involve any or all of these bones.

The major types of arthritis that affect the foot and ankle are osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and posttraumatic arthritis.

Symptoms of Ankle Arthritis

  • Tenderness when you touch the joint
  • Pain when you move it
  • Trouble moving, walking, or putting weight on it
  • Joint stiffness, warmth, or swelling
  • More pain and swelling after you rest, such as sitting or sleeping

Causes & Effects

    Previous ankle injury is the most common cause of ankle arthritis. In people who have sustained an injury such as an ankle fracture, the cartilage may be damaged and this could lead to accelerated arthritis. When the ankle is injured, it is also susceptible to an injury called osteonecrosis. When osteonecrosis occurs as the result of an ankle injury, there is damage to the blood flow to a portion of the bone. Osteonecrosis can also lead to ankle arthritis.

Ankle Arthritis Treatments of Dr. Raviprakash

ankle arthritis

Arthroscopy offers many benefits over a traditional open surgery because of its minimally invasive nature.

  • Less scarring.
  • Less pain and lower risk of post-surgical complications.
  • long-lasting pain relief.
  • better function and mobility.
  • Faster recovery time.


1.What is arthroscopy?

Arthroscopy is a minimally invasive procedure used to diagnose and treat injuries and abnormalities within the joints. The arthroscopy procedure is less invasive than traditional surgery and allows the doctor to view and repair joints without making a large incision. Only a small incision is need for an arthroscopy and small instruments are guided by a tiny camera that transmits images onto a computer screen. Accurate diagnosis and precise surgical treatment may be performed using the arthroscopy method.

Ankle arthroscopy can be used to diagnose and treat a wide range of ankle conditions and relieve the chronic pain frequently associated with them. Ankle arthroscopy is often successful in treating:

  • Tissue bands
  • Ligament tears
  • Articular cartilage damage
  • Bone spurs
  • Tendonitis
  • Arthritis

Ankle arthroscopy is performed on an outpatient basis and uses tiny incisions to access the ankle joint. This procedure is performed under general anesthesia. During the arthroscopy, a camera tube called an arthroscope is inserted into one of the incisions and small surgical instruments into the others. The arthroscope allows the surgeon to visually examine the ankle joint and guide the instruments to the area for treatment. The arthroscopy procedure usually takes 30 to 45 minutes to perform. During the procedure, some patients may experience pressure on the joints. Exercise and other strenuous activities should be avoided for six weeks after this procedure.

Arthroscopy offers many benefits over a traditional open surgery because of its minimally invasive nature.

  • Shorter recovery times
  • Less scarring
  • Less bleeding
  • Smaller incisions

While ankle arthroscopy is considered a safe procedure, there are certain risks associated with any surgery. Risks may include infection, nerve or tissue damage, or blood clots. These risks are considered rare, as most patients undergo this procedure with little to no complications.

  • Shoes shaped like your foot.
  • Shoes with good support (for example, no slip-ons).
  • Rubber soles for more cushioning.
  • Flexibility.
  • Proper fit; ask a salesperson for help.
  • If a certain activity triggers a flare-up of symptoms, try to keep it to a minimum.
  • Instead of high-impact exercises like jogging, do low-impact ones like swimming or cycling.