Elbow Joint Replacement

Elbow can also be affected by osteo or rheumatoid arthritis. Elbow joint replacement can effectively treat the problems caused by arthritis of the elbow. The procedure is more widely used in aging adults to replace joints damaged by fractures. In elbow replacement surgery, the painful surfaces of the damaged elbow are replaced with artificial elbow parts. One part fits into humerus (arm bone) and another part fits into ulna (strongest bone in the forearm). The two parts are then connected and held together by a pin. The resulting hinge allows the elbow to bend.

Symptoms of elbow Joint

  • Swelling. This is more common with rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Instability. The joint isn't stable and gives way, making it difficult or impossible to do normal daily activities.
  • Lack of full movement. You are not able to straighten or bend the elbow.
  • Locking. Your elbow joint catches or locks. This can happen with osteoarthritis.
  • Stiffness. This happens particularly with arthritis that develops after an injury.
  • Pain in both elbows. Having pain in both elbows or pain at the wrists or shoulders (or both) as well as pain in the elbows is a symptom of rheumatoid arthritis.

Causes & Effects

While every injury is different, there are a few main conditions that can lead to elbow replacement surgery.like Arthritis, Osteoarthritis & Post-traumatic Arthritis

Elbow Instability
  • Often caused by an injury to the joint and/or ligaments, elbow instability and dislocations occur when the ligaments that hold the elbow joint together are damaged.

Severe Fractures
  • If an elbow is shattered, there is a severe fracture in one or both of the bones that make up the elbow or if an old fracture does not heal correctly, a complete elbow joint replacement may be necessary.

elbow Replacement Treatments of Dr. Raviprakash

Some of the advantages of elbow replacement include

  • Reduced joint pain
  • Improved range of joint movement
  • Improved quality of life
1.What happens after elbow replacement surgery?

Elbow replacement patients will be in a recovery room until their vital signs are stable.

  • After surgery, you have to stay for two to four days in hospital.
  • After surgery, you may be asked to wear a soft elbow splint or sling for a few weeks.
  • You should have physical therapy too after the elbow replacement surgery to regain elbow strength and movement.

The surgeon will do a physical examination to identify the other health problems you might have, like blood pressure or diabetes, and those should be treated before surgery. The doctor might suggest you avoid smoking or lose weight as it can raise the surgical risks and slow the healing time. The surgeon will also suggest that you avoid anti-inflammatory medications weeks before your scheduled date for surgery.. Also, your anesthesiologist may prescribe a medication to take in the evening before surgery and tell you when to stop eating or drinking .

The period for the replacement to last varies from person to person. However, it lasts for ten years or more. After this time, there are chances that it may loosen or wear out. Revision surgery can be an option.

Yes, it is required as your surgeon will schedule your follow-up to evaluate your progress. It takes six to nine months for complete recovery as complications can occur with implants.

Long-Term Outcomes

The majority of patients have experienced an improved quality of life after total elbow replacement surgery. They experience less pain, improved motion and strength, and better function.

You should expect to do all basic activities of daily living, such as getting a plate out of a cabinet, cooking dinner, lifting a milk jug, styling your hair, basic hygiene, and dressing. Talk to your doctor about activities you may want to avoid, such as contact sports and activities with a major risk of falling (such as horseback riding or climbing ladders), as well as heavy lifting. These things increase the risk of the metal parts loosening or breaking, or the bone breaking.

When traveling on airplanes, be prepared for extra security screening. There is a chance that your metal implant will set off the metal detector during the security check-in.

To make the check-in go more smoothly, tell the security officer beforehand that you have an elbow replacement and carry a medical identification card. Although this does not change the screening requirements, it will help the security officer confirm the nature of the alarm. Be prepared for the security officer to use a wand scanner, and perhaps examine your arm in a private area in order to see the scar. The new body scanners can identify joint replacements, making further individual screening unnecessary.