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Ask the Experts
A bone fracture is a full or partial break in the continuity of bone tissue. Fractures can occur in any bone in the body.
There are several different ways in which a bone can fracture. For example, a closed fracture is a break to the bone that does not damage surrounding tissue or tear through the skin.
By contrast, a compound fracture is one that damages surrounding tissue and penetrates the skin. Compound fractures are generally more serious than simple fractures due to the risk of infection.
Symptoms of Flat Foot
Most people have no signs or symptoms associated with flatfeet. But some people with flatfeet experience foot pain, particularly in the heel or arch area. Pain may worsen with activity. Swelling along the inside of the ankle can also occur.
When to see a doctor
Talk to your doctor if you or your child has foot pain.
Causes & Effects
A flat foot is normal in infants and toddlers, because the foot's arch hasn't yet developed. Most people's arches develop throughout childhood, but some people never develop arches. This is a normal variation in foot type, and people without arches may or may not have problems.
Some children have flexible flatfoot, in which the arch is visible when the child is sitting or standing on tiptoes, but disappears when the child stands. Most children outgrow flexible flatfoot without problems.
Fracture Treatments of Dr. Raviprakash
Some of the advantages of flat foot include
- Improved foot posture.
- Improved walking pattern.
- Reduced clumsiness.
- Reduced pain and risk of secondary joint problems.
Flat feet can pose problems whether they persist after childhood or develop in adulthood. The types of flatfoot include:
- Flexible: Flexible flat feet are the most common. You can see the arches in the feet when you aren’t standing. The arches disappear when you put weight on the feet. Flexible flatfoot comes on during childhood or the teen years. It affects both feet and gradually gets worse with age.
- Rigid: A person with rigid flat feet has no arches when standing (putting weight on the feet) or sitting (no weight on the feet). This condition often develops during the teen years and gets worse with age.
- Adult-acquired (fallen arch): he fallen arch causes the foot to turn outward and can be painful. The problem may affect only one foot. The most common cause is inflammation or a tear in the leg tendon (posterior tibial tendon) that supports the arch.
Having flat feet may be in your genes. As a child ages, arches form in the feet. Some people have high arches, while others have very low or nearly absent arches, causing flat feet.
Your healthcare provider can make a diagnosis by assessing symptoms and evaluating how your arches look when you stand, sit and walk. You may get X-rays to look at bone structure.
Often, there isn’t anything you can do to prevent flat feet. Staying at a healthy weight may ease pain from flat feet.
If your flatfeet cause you minor pain, you might want to try:
- Avoid flats. Those totally flat, thong-style sandals might look great on the boardwalk this summer, but they aren’t the best for your feet.
- Make sure your shoes have an arch. Ideally, you want a shoe that supports the natural shape of your arch — not too flat, not too high. You may need to experiment with a few different shoe brands to find one that provides support without digging painfully into your foot.
- Try inserts, if you don’t want to buy new shoes. Custom orthotic inserts will cost a little more than the ones at your neighborhood drugstore, but since they are created from a mold of your foot, they should strike the perfect balance between comfort and support.
- Get shoes that are designed for what you’re doing. If you’re a runner, get a good pair of running shoes; if you play tennis, choose comfortable tennis shoes. If you’re just starting out exercising and aren’t sure what you’ll take to, invest in a pair of cross-trainers.