Knee Joint

Knee joint replacement is a procedure that involves replacing an injured or ailing knee with an artificial joint, or prosthesis. The prosthesis is made of metal alloys, plastics, and polymers. It mimics the function of a knee. According to the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS), replacement knees can fit your needs and specifications. When selecting a prosthetic knee, your doctor will take into account your:

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Symptoms of Knee pain

The location and severity of knee pain may vary, depending on the cause of the problem. Signs and symptoms that sometimes accompany knee pain include:

  • Swelling and stiffness
  • Redness and warmth to the touch
  • Weakness or instability
  • Popping or crunching noises
  • Inability to fully straighten the knee

Causes & Effects

Knee pain can be caused by injuries, mechanical problems, types of arthritis and other problems.

  • Fractures: The bones of the knee, including the kneecap (patella), can be broken during falls or auto accidents.
  • Torn meniscus: The meniscus is the tough, rubbery cartilage that acts as a shock absorber between your shinbone and thighbone.
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Knee pain Treatments of Dr. Raviprakash

Ligament (ACL/PCL)

Some of the advantages of partial knee pain include

  • Newer surgical techniques also allow for much less blood loss, almost eliminating the need for post-operative blood transfusions.
  • Newer anesthesia techniques provide local and regional numbing techniques that significantly reduce post-operative pain.
  • Physical therapy now often starts on the same day as surgery, and patients begin exercising with a motion machine to move their knee immediately following the procedure.
  • For some types of knee replacement, each patient has a custom template made for their own knee based on a pre-operative MRI so that custom jigs can be used during surgery.
1.Could my pain be from osteoarthritis?

Yes. Probably 95% of knee pain caused by arthritis is osteoarthritis, which is caused by “wear and tear” on the joints. Other types, like rheumatoid arthritis, are much less common causes of knee pain.

They’re usually twisting injuries to the knee: ACL, meniscus, or ligament injuries.

The main difference between arthritis and other kinds of knee pain is there's no trauma associated with it. A person who tore their ACL or had a meniscus injury knows exactly when it happened. With arthritis, it's more of a dull, aching pain. It gets worse as time goes on.

It depends. Arthritis pain tends to wax and wane over time. It may not completely go away, but sometimes it feels much better. Pain from an injury improves at first, but if you're left with a sore joint, you may not be able to do certain activities.

Everyone has a different pain threshold. If you’ve an injury and your knee swells, you need to see your doctor. Even if the swelling goes away, you need to have your knee examined -- you might have injured something inside the joint. If you have arthritis pain and the bad days outnumber the good, you should see your doctor.

I think weight control is important. Flexibility helps as well. If you take part in a sport that requires a lot of physical exertion, like skiing or tennis or soccer, you need to get in shape.

Also, when you get tired, you need to stop. Look at the rate of knee injury: It goes up in the fourth quarter or final period of a game. Just a millisecond or two of delay of muscle function can cause injury. If the muscles that protect the ligament are tired, they don't do a good job.

Self-care measures for an injured knee include:
  • cycling
  • walking
  • swimming or water exercise
  • tai chi or yoga
  • ginger tea, either premade or homemade from ginger root
  • ground spice or ginger root for adding flavor to dishes