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Ask the Experts
The midfoot is the apex of the arch where the metatarsals and the hindfoot joints are connected by intricately connected short bones. These small bones allow gliding movements, improving the efficiency of the foot when walking, whilst supporting the weight of the body. The position of the bones is maintained by interlocking joints along with the ligaments, muscles and fascia.
The most common arch complaints stem from arthritis, fracture or birth abnormalities.
Symptoms of Midfoot
However, people with a bone fracture will typically experience some of the following:
- Rest. Stop any physical activity that causes pain, and keep your foot still when possible.
- Ice your foot for 20 minutes 2 to 3 times a day. Do not apply ice directly to your skin.
- Keep your foot raised to help keep swelling down.
Causes & Effects
The midfoot is the highest point in the arch, and midfoot pain is a fairly common problem. It can occur due to multiple issues. The most common causes of midfoot problems stem from overuse (leading to joint pain, tendinitis, or stress fractures), injuries (sprains, ligament tears, or fractures and dislocations), arthritis (which may manifest as bony prominences or swelling and pain), tight calf muscles (causing increased pressure in the joints), and being overweight (leading to increased stress on the joints).
Midfoot Problem Treatments of Dr. Raviprakash
Some of the advantages of midfoot include
- Good for taking shock absorption out of the joints.
- Shortens time foot is on the ground, which helps quicken pace.
- your bones work
Intense pain, swelling and bruising in the midfoot region are common immediately after a midfoot injury. Some patients report hearing a popping or cracking sound at the time of the break. Other symptom of a Lisfranc fracture can include pain, bruising and swelling to the middle portion of the foot.
Most minor-to-moderate injuries will heal within 2 to 4 weeks. More severe injuries, such as injuries that need a cast or splint, will need a longer time to heal, up to 6 to 8 weeks. The most serious injuries will need surgery to reduce the bone and allow the ligaments to heal.
Rest (you may need crutches if your pain is extreme) Ice the affected area intermittently throughout the day. Elevate the foot as much as you can to decrease swelling.
Rest: Stay off the injury for a few days, and get ample rest.
Ice: Apply cold to the ankle several times a day to help reduce pain and swelling.
Compression: Apply a static or elastic compression bandage to help limit swelling.
Elevation: Reduce the flow of blood and other fluids to the injury site by elevating the ankle above the heart.
Cold Compression Therapy- If you want to take RICE to the next level, consider renting a cold therapy system for home use. Cold and compression therapy uses the same concepts as RICE therapy but adds modern technology, and the ability to elevate the extremity, to the mix. Instead of holding an ice pack on your ankle, a cold and compression therapy system uses a body-conforming wrap with integrated chambers that allow cold water and pressurized air to flow through the wrap. The water is constantly circulating, so it maintains a consistent temperature throughout the therapy.
Epsom Salt- After a few days, you can soak your ankle in a warm bath with Epsom salt. It’s important to apply cold during the first few days after an injury. Epsom salt may help soothe sore muscles and connective tissues, and it may help with joint stiffness. Try adding Epsom salts to a warm or somewhat hot bath 1-2 times per day.
Natural Poultices- A variety of natural anti-inflammatory ingredients can be found in your pantry. If you want to try a traditional poultice to help reduce swelling, consider turmeric, garlic, onion, castor oil, or olive oil. Gently heat any of these ingredients and apply to a sprained ankle, and then wrap the ankle in a bandage for several hours.